int(43)
bool(false)
int(0)
int(1306)
bool(false)
int(43)
int(2309)
bool(false)
int(43)
int(55)
bool(false)
int(43)
int(1307)
bool(false)
int(43)
int(41)
bool(false)
int(0)
int(60)
bool(false)
int(41)
int(1311)
bool(false)
int(41)
int(1371)
bool(false)
int(41)
int(2576)
bool(false)
int(41)
int(406)
bool(false)
int(41)
int(42)
bool(false)
int(0)
int(1304)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(1303)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(407)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(62)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(51)
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int(2587)
bool(false)
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int(3161)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3163)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3164)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3165)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3166)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3167)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3168)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3169)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3170)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3171)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3172)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3173)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(3174)
bool(false)
int(42)
int(2951)
bool(false)
int(0)
int(2952)
bool(false)
int(2951)
int(2953)
bool(false)
int(2951)
int(2954)
bool(false)
int(2951)
int(2955)
bool(false)
int(2951)

Regional pests

When new exotic pests with the potential to cause serious economic impact on plant production industries are detected, eradication is the ideal goal. While Australia has had great success in eradicating exotic pests, in some cases eradication is not possible.

Following the establishment of these pests, measures can still be taken to minimise negative impacts, primarily through containment.

Regionalised pests can be contained at a local, regional or state level, depending on current distribution and the ability to implement cost beneficial measures for containment.

Domestic quarantine restrictions are key in preventing the spread of pests nationally. State and territory government legislation underpins containment activities which are carried out by the jurisdictions in cooperation with other states, territories and relevant industries as appropriate. Rules apply to both travellers and commercial growers.

The table below lists approximately 80 pests recognised by formal legislation and their current area of distribution* within Australia.

Some of the quarantine or biosecurity zones relating to these pests are shown on the map.

*the list is correct as of end 2016

Scientific name Common name Affected area

New South Wales

Bactrocera tryoni Queensland fruit fly Endemic within all of NSW excluding the NSW portion of the Greater Sunraysia Pest Free Area as defined in Order O-458 of the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Banana bunchy top virus (Babuvirus) Banana bunchy top virus Far north coast – regulated via Order OR121 under the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Grapevine phylloxera Present within the NSW Phylloxera Infested Zone, comprising the Sydney and the Albury-Corowa regions as defined in Proclamation P176 of the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (race 1 and subtropical race 4) Panama disease endemic strains Far north coast – regulated via Order OR121 under the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Panonychus citri Citrus red mite The Citrus Quarantine Area of Cumberland and Northumberland Counties as outlined in Plant Diseases (Citrus Red Mite) Notification 2016 under the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Potato viruses belonging to the Potyviridae family (including potato virus Y) and the Luteoviridae family (including potato leaf roll virus) Endemic in NSW excluding the NSW Seed Protected Areas as defined in Order O-443 of the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Ralstonia solanacearum Bacterial wilt of potatoes Endemic in NSW excluding the NSW Seed Protected Areas as defined in Order O-443 of the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38
Spongospora subterranea Powdery scab of potatoes Endemic in NSW excluding the NSW Seed Protected Areas as defined in Order O-443 of the NSW Plant Diseases Act 1924 No. 38

Northern Territory

Aleuroides dispersus Spiraling whitefly Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Katherine
Bactrocera tryoni Queensland fruit fly Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Katherine, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs
Bermisia tabaci Silver leaf whitefly Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Katherine
Brontispa longissima Palm leaf beetle Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area
Citripestis eutrapera Mango fruit borer Darwin, Darwin rural area, Katherine
Cryptosporiopsis citri Cryptosporiopsis leaf spot Darwin, Darwin rural area, Batchelor, Daly River, Litchfield region
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Darwin rural area, Katherine, Alice Springs (Ti Tree)
Dickeya spp. Dickeya Darwin rural area
Fusarium mangiferae Mango malformation disease Darwin, Darwin rural area, Adelaide River
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (tropical race 4) Panama disease Darwin rural area
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum Fusarium wilt of watermelon Darwin, Darwin rural area, Katherine
Idioscopus clypealis Mango leaf hopper Tiwi Islands, Darwin rural
Idioscopus nitidulus Mango leaf hopper Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Adelaide River, Pine Creek, Katherine
Lepisiota frauenfeldi Browsing ant Darwin
Monomorium dichroum Monomorium dichroum Darwin
Parlatoria blanchardi Date palm scale Alice Springs
Phakopsora cherimoliae Phakopsora rust Darwin rural area
Pineapple mealy bug wilt associated virus (PMWaV-1) One property only (Darwin Correctional Facility Shoal Bay)
Pseudocercospora purpurea Cercospora spot Darwin rural area
Selenothrips rubrocinctus Red-banded thrips Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Adelaide River, Pine Creek, Katherine
Sternochetus mangiferae Mango seed weevil Darwin, Palmerston, Darwin rural area, Batchelor, Adelaide River
Tetranycus gloveri Glovers mite Darwin rural area
Thrips palmi Melon thrips Darwin rural area
Uredo morifolia Mulberry rust Dundee Downs, Palmerston, Noonamah, Darwin rural area

Queensland

Aleurodicus dispersus Spiraling whitefly Torres Strait Islands, Cape York Peninsula, Mareeba, Charters Towers, coastal towns south to Bundaberg
Anoplolepis gracilipes Yellow crazy ant Populations dotted in various locations spanning Cairns to the Gold Coast
Apis cerana, Java genotype Asian honey bee Surrounding Cairns region, north to Bonnie Doon (near Mossman), west of Atherton and Mareeba and south to Mena Creek
Banana bunchy top virus (Babuvirus) Bunchy top Noosa south to the NSW border
Cryptotermes brevis West Indian drywood termite Greater Brisbane, Wide Bay, Rockhampton, Bowen, Townsville
Deanolis sublimbalis Red banded mango caterpillar Far northern Cape York Peninsula
Eumetopina flavipes Muir Island sugarcane planthopper Torres Strait island archipelago and the northern peninsula area of Cape York
Fiji disease virus Fiji leaf gall Sugarcane biosecurity zones 4, 5 and 6
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (race 1, race 2, subtropical race 4 and tropical race 4) Panama disease Race 1 endemic throughout banana growing regions
Race 2 south Johnstone and Cairns
Race 4 (subtropical) south east Queensland as far north as Rosedale
Race 4 (tropical) detected two properties in/near the Tully Valley, far north Queensland. A containment program has been established.
Idioscopus clypealis Mango leafhopper Cape York Peninsula and Mareeba area, south to Atherton, and along the coast from Wangetti to Gordonvale
Idioscopus nitidulus Mango leafhopper Cape York Peninsula
Liriomyza sativae Vegetable leafminer Northern peninsula area of Cape York Peninsula
Mycosphaerella fijiensis Black sigatoka Some northern and eastern Torres Strait Islands
Papaya ringspot virus (Potyvirus) Papaya ringspot virus South east Queensland as far north as Bundaberg area
Planoccoccus lilacinus Coffee mealybug Boigu Island, Torres Strait Islands
Procontarinia spp. Mango leaf gall midge Torres Strait and northern tip of Cape York Peninsula
Pseudococcus cryptus Cryptic mealybug Islands in the Torres Strait and isolated places in North Queensland, including Cairns, not widely distributed
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi Jack beardsley mealybug Torres Strait Islands and the Cape York Peninsula
Pseudocercospora purpurea Cercospora leaf spot Mareeba Shire Council and Tablelands Regional Council
Solenopsis invicta Red imported fire ant South east Queensland including parts of Brisbane, Ipswich, Lockyer, Redland, Logan, Somerset, Scenic Rim and Gold Coast councils. The Brisbane Airport is a separate response as it is a new incursion not genetically related to the one in the south east.
Striga asiatica Red witchweed Contained to a small number of properties in the Mackay region
Sugarcane mosaic virus (strain A) (Potyvirus) Sugarcane mosaic virus Sugarcane biosecurity zones 4, 5 and 6
Sugarcane striate mosaic-associated virus (Carlavirus) Sugarcane striate mosaic virus Sugarcane biosecurity zone 2 and 6
Tetranychus piercei Spider mite Weipa, Cape York Peninsula
Thrips palmi Melon thrips South east Queensland as far north as Bundaberg area. North Queensland coastal areas from Ayr to Mossman and Atherton Tablelands
Wasmannia auropunctata Electric ant Far north Queensland, Cairns hinterland and Bingle Bay

South Australia

Urocystis cepulae Onion smut Annual surveys of Allium crops. Quarantine measures are applied in two remaining quarantine zones.

Victoria

Bactrocera tryoni Queensland fruit fly Permanent fruit fly zones (refer to specific orders)
Cantareus apertus Green snail Management of green snail linked and infested lands (refer to specific orders)
Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Grapevine phylloxera Phylloxera Infested Zone and Phylloxera Free Zone (refer to specific orders)
Globodera rostochiensis Potato cyst nematode Management of PCN linked and infested lands, and Plant Protection District (refer to specific orders)

Western Australia

Achroia grisella Lesser wax moth WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Aethina tumida Small hive beetle Kimberley. Host material restricted from movement to rest of state
Bemisia tabaci (B biotype) Silverleaf whitefly Perth and Carnarvon. Host material restricted from movement to Kununurra
Brontispa longissima Palm leaf beetle Broome. Host material restricted from movement to rest of state
Cantareus apertus Green snail WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly WA. Absent from east Kimberley region. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Chortoicetes terminifera Australian plague locust WA. Regulations for control in specified areas
Cosmopolites sordidus Banana weevil borer Kununurra. Host material restricted from movement to rest of state
Cryptolestes ferrugineus Flat grain beetle WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Cryptolestes pusillus Flat grain beetle WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Ephestia elutella Tobacco moth WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Ephestia kuehniella Mediterranean flour moth WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (race 1) Panama disease Carnarvon. Host material restricted from movement to rest of the state
Galleria mellonella Larger wax moth WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Hylotrupes bajulus European house borer WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas
Oryzaephilus surinamensis Sawtooth grain beetle WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Pentalonia nigronervosa Banana aphid Carnarvon. Host material restricted from movement to rest of the state
Plodia interpunctella Indian meal moth WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Potato spindle tuber viroid Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) Carnarvon
Pythium tracheiphilum Lettuce blight Gingin and Perth metropolitan area
Rhyzopertha dominica Lesser grain borer WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Sitophilus granarius Granary weevil WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Sitophilus oryzae Rice weevil WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Sitotroga cerealella Angoumois grain moth WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Thrips palmi Melon thrips Kimberley (low pest prevalence area)
Tribolium castaneum Rust red flour WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Tribolium confusum Confused flour beetle WA. Regulations or controls for insecticide resistant strains
Trogderma variabile Warehouse beetle WA. Regulations or controls for movement and control in specified areas